There are four types of Agni in the body viz.-manda, tikshna, vishama, and sama. The first three are due to the predominance of vata, pitta and kapha respectively and fourth one reflects the equilibrium of all these three types of agni. Vatik disorders arise from visham agni a type of agni which helps to digest the food sometimes properly and sometimes improperly. Pittaj disorders arise from tikshna agni i.e that agni which digests the usual quantity of food or even excess quantity with any difficulty, within a very short time and the kaphaj disorders from the mandagni that which is incapable of digesting even small quantities of food.
Types of Ajirna
Three types of ajirna are caused by these abnormal agnis. Kaphaj type is called as ama ajirna; pittaj type is called as vidagdha-ajirna, vataj type as vistabdha ajirna
There is another type i.e fourth type of ajirna called as rasashesa ajirna related to ahara rasa indigestion on nutrient of food. Another type of ajirna is called as dina paki ajirna in which the food is digested the next day but without causing any difficulty. Sixth one type is called as prativasara ajirna which is found every day normally, immediately after taking food .
What causes ajirna or indigestion?
Drinking large quantity of water, taking food either in large or small in quantity and at unusual times, suppression of natural urges, loss of sleep at nights or sleeping during day are the factors that cause indigestion of food even though such food is taken in normal in quantity and taken at proper time . If a person afflicted with jealous, fear, anger, greed, grief, humility and hate takes food, it is not digested properly.
Symptoms of Ajirna
Heaviness of the abdomen or of the whole body , nausea, swelling of the cheeks and eyes ,belching and similar to those occurring soon after meals signify occurrence of ajirna.
giddiness, thirst, fainting, sour and belching ,perspiration, burning sensation inside and other are symptom of pittaj ajirna. Pain in the abdomen, timpanists, non-movement of flatus, delusion and other symptoms of vata vrddhi. Aversion to food, bad belching and heaviness of abdomen are symptoms of rashesha ajirna.
Complications of ajirna
Fainting, delirium, vomiting, excessive salivation, debility, giddiness or even
death is the complications of ajirna.
Beware! Ajirna causes many other diseases
Persons who eat large quantities of food recklessly like cattle will develop this disease ajirna which cause further other diseases. For instance, ama-ajirna causes visuchika, vidagdha-ajirna causes alasaka and vistabdha ajirna causes vilambika.In visucika the patient suffers from pricking pain as though pierced by needle, fainting, diarrhoea, vomiting,severe, thirst, abdominal pain, giddiness, twisting of the arms and legs ,yawning, burning sensation all over discolouration,tremors and there is pain in the region of heart headache. In alsaka the patient has severe distention of abdomen,delusions, crying helplessly, flatus moving upwards being blocked down wards,non expulsion of flatus and feces ,thirst, belching. In vilambika food does not get out of the body either in either in upward direction or in downward direction due to effect of kapha and vata this is very difficult condition to treat. Ama resides gives rise not only to pain but also becomes the site for manifestation of many diseases which are due to the the action of the dosha travelling all over the body associated with ama.
Fatal signs in ajirina and associated diseases
Black coloration of teeth, lips and nails, loss of consciousness, severe vomiting, in drawing of eyes ,feeble voice ,looseness, of all joints of the body, proper digestion of food, symptoms, pure belchings ,without bad smell of taste. Enthusiasm, elimination of feces ,flatus and urine properly ,lightness of the body, appearance of hunger and desire for water,
Fivecomplications of visuchika
loss of sleep, restlessness, tremors, suppression of urine, loss of consciousness, ajirna occur mainly due to irregularities of food , ajirna is the caused for many other diseases, when it is cured other diseases also get cured.