Kasa or cough is reflected as an irritation whose nomenclature is based on the sound that is produced suddenly and resembles like that of coming out of a broken bronze .The sound thus produced resembles the word kasa and hence the nomenclature. Kasa roga or cough is caused by various factors like inhalation of smoke, dust or taking dry food, food particles entering the wrong passage, trachea, indulging in over exercise, suppression of natural urges etc. Controlling sneezing and such other activities cause increases of prana udana vata hence resulting in the occurrence of kasa or cough.
Symptoms which tell that the person is going to suffer from kasa or cough
Feeling of thorns pricking in the throat , irritation and obstruction to movement of food are the symptoms which warn a person that he is going to suffer form kasa roga or cough disease.
Types of Kasa or cough
There are five types of kasa or cough as mentioned in Ayurvedic texts viz.- Vata, pitta, kapha kshataj, injury to chest, kshayaj i.e loss of tissues. Neglecting the first four types, lead to ksayaj i.e dhatu kshyaj wasting of the tissues.
Having pain in the region of the heart, temples, head, abdomen and flanks with dry face and mouth signify the vataj kasa. Symptoms of debility, feeble voice, lack of enthusiasm and continuous husky and dry cough also appear in vataj kasa.
Symptoms of Pittaj Kasa
Burning sensation in the chest fever, dryness and bitter taste in the mouth , severe thirst, yellowish and bitter vomiting , yellowish-white skin , complexion burning sensation in the body confirm that the person is having pittaj kasa.
Symptoms of Kaphaja kasa
Mouth full with thick saliva, headache, accumulation of kapha all over the body anorexia heaviness irritation in the throat heavy cough followed by thick sputum being expectorated are the symptoms associated with kaphaj kasa.
Causes and Symptoms of kshataj kasa
Persons who are weak , indulge in too much of sexual intercourse, carry heavy weights ,walk long distance, tame or fight with elephants , horses etc. have the possibility of getting injury to the chest and get tearing in their lungs and produce cough symptoms. Dry cough followed by expectoration of blood mixed sputum pain in the throat, severe pain in the chest as though pricked by needles or cutting or knowing pain are the symptoms of kshataj kasa or cough. Symptoms of Patients’ resisting of touch by others, pain in the joints ,fever, increased respiration, thirst , voice like that of a pigeon also appear in kshataj kasa.
Causes and Symptoms of kshaya kasa
Indulgence in irregular and untimely meals unaccustomed foods excessive sex, suppression of bodily urges too much of jealousy grief etc these causes increase of all three dosas destroys the digestive functions produce kshayaj kasa .Wasting of all the dhatus or tissues of body pain all over the body fever burning sensation, delusion wasting and dryness of the body extreme weakness cough, sputum mixed with blood and pus this disease with all the symptoms is very hard to treat and kills the very weak person
When the kasa is curable
Cough is curable in persons who are strong which is of recent onset, Kshataj kasa and kasa of very old persons can be controlled , if all the limbs of treatment and food are good , but it persists through the rest of life ,The first three kinds are easily curable the chronic ones are to be controlled with suitable foods etc .