Diabetes diseases which has acquired a huge proportion in the world has its reference since from mythological period.It is believed that Ganesha ji the Lord after whose worship all auspicious works are initiated is believed to suffer from diabetes. It is said that His eating and living habits were responsible for making him suffer from diabetes. Over eating of sweets and sitting continuously in one posture and his obesity all made him to be victim of diabetes. He is adored and worshiped with the leaves of kapitha which have anti diabetic effects.
Vedic literature too has reference for symptoms resembling with diabetes. In athrava veda a disease by the name of Astravam has been mentioned which means sweet urine.
Valmiki Ramayan has mentioned about passing of sweet urine by monkeys Garud purana has described a condition where the whole body becomes sweet. Ayurvedic texts i.e Charak, Sushrut and Vaghbhatta all have detailed description of diabetes. Sushruta Samhita is the first text of Ayurveda that has described madhumeha or diabetes in a separate chapter.
The Madhava nidana a text compiled in seventh century text has described about diagnosis, symptoms, pathology, and differential diagnosis of diabetes. Sahrangdhar samhita a text of 13th century has described various pharmacological preparation for diabetes. Bhavapraksh a text of 16 th century has described treatment of diabetes in same discipline as Charaka and Sushruta.
Other countries too have mentioned directly or indirectly about diabetes . In Egyptian literature an illness associated with passing of much urine has been described without mentioning name of diabetes. Later this diseases was described by the name of diabetes as it was observed that there was liquification of flesh and bones into urine. China and japan wrote about a diseases which was associated with passing of sticky and sweet urine. In ancient Arabic times examination of urine was of paramount importance. Later it was noted that in this diseases heavy and profuse urine dried up quickly leaving a residue .
In the past century association of the disease with a disturbance in beta cells clustered as tiny isleats of tissues of exocrine pancreas was establisshed. It was in Germany where it was noticed for the first time that there was formation of acid in diabetic coma.
History of diabetes is recorded world wide . Though Indians were familiar with the knowledge of the disease and its treatment . But more and more contributions to its evolution were outside India.